E. Multilingual classrooms
“Multilingual children at home and at school – Managing experiences and expectations” (2019)
Parents are a potentially rich source for curriculum input and enrichment activities that goes beyond simply ‘celebrating cultural differences’. Acknowledging the status of the home language(s) at school can be a vital factor in preparing children for super-diversity.
“Why teachers shouldn’t be afraid of other languages being spoken in the classroom” (2018)
This study looks at teachers’ and educators’ attitudes towards multilingualism, as well as their ideas about the use of children’s mother tongue and code-switching.
Affirming identity in multicultural classrooms
Cristina Coscia explores the notion of welcoming students’ home language(s) into the classroom. Although related to English learners’ context, her arguments can be applied to different language learning contexts.
Tidligere sprogstart: Learning foreign languages at an early age – A new approach with emphasis on plurilingualism
Closely aligned with ILLEY principles, this website presents teaching materials (in English, German, French); practical examples (in Danish and English); videos with students and project publications.
Danish and English versions are available.
Developing early foreign language learning and teaching in the Nordic/Baltic context
The main areas of this project cover initial and in-service teacher education course modules addressing the introduction of English, French, German and Spanish using new learning and teaching platforms in the early years and the creation and use of innovative teaching materials.
Finland introduces an earlier start in language learning and teaching (2018)
The following texts and websites present the Finnish Government’s Key Project for Languages which aims to increase and diversify language teaching through regional projects as well as its implementation in the city of Tampere.
SCOTLAND: A 1+2 approach to modern languages
The website supports practitioners in implementing the 1+2 approach to language learning; the Scottish Government’s policy ensuring that every child has the opportunity to learn a modern language (known as L2) from P1 until the end of the broad general education (S3). This website contains practical examples, learning maps and the evaluation of pilot programmes, guidance on the introduction and teaching of the third language (L3).
Multilingualism in the early years (2019)
This special edition of TEANGA, the Journal of the Irish Association for Applied Linguistics, contains selected papers from the Multilingualism in the Early Years conference held in the Dublin Institute of Technology in May 2017 reflecting the conference's diversity.
Minority language pupils and the curriculum: Closing the achievement gap (2018)
Papers from a seminar on teaching English as an Additional Language organised by Marino Institute of Education and Corelaine University with the support from the Standing Conference on Teacher Education, North and South (ScoTENS), a cross-border Irish initiative committed to ensuring quality learning and teaching for all.
“Why schools should teach young learners in home language” (2015)
Article by the British Council which explores the importance of home languages in the education system, especially in the early stages, to ensure an effective development of the basic literacy skills.
“Le pouvoir de la langue maternelle et de l’éducation multilingue”
(The potential of mother tongues and multilingual education) (2015)
This article highlights the importance of relying on mother tongues as resource for the learning of a new language.
L’éducation plurilingue pour enfants de 1 à 4 ans
(Plurilingual education for children age 1 to 4)
The publication sets the conceptual frame for early language learning in the multilingual Luxembourgish context.
“How can teachers maximize engagement among multilingual students?” (2019)
Jim Cummins, an internationally acclaimed expert, presents multilingual strategies to use in classrooms.
English version :
English as a foreign language in primary education in Cyprus
The site aims to provide information as regards the teaching of EFL in Cyprus and provide professional development support, teaching materials and educational guidelines and suggestions for teachers.
Learning a foreign language at an early age – Fremdsprachen an der Volksschule
The bilingual Swiss website (French-English) provides information and material about learning a foreign language at an early age.