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    Supporting the linguistic integration of refugees from the Ukraine

Supporting the (linguistic) integration of refugees from Ukraine

These dedicated webpages focus primarily on guidance and resources to support the linguistic integration of refugees from Ukraine in schools and in the workplace. It is targeted at policymakers, school principals and teachers (of all subjects), as well as at Human Resource staff and labour market support services. It is a work-in-progress; new resources and other relevant information will be added as they become available.
I strongly condemn the Russian military attack against Ukraine in flagrant violation of the Statute of the Council of Europe and the European Convention on Human Rights. This is a dark hour for Europe and everything it stands for.


declared the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on 24 February 2022.

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Guidance for policy-makers and school principals

Council of Europe Recommendations to National Authorities

Please note: the Recommendations below were developed as part of the LIAM project within the Council of Europe’s education programme.  The ECML has, in some instances, made minor revisions to the original text and has included further guidance and links to resources for teachers.   The ECML would like to thank the LIAM expert group for making these recommendations available.

Generic recommendations
Recommendations in relation to teachers

European Commission

Policy guidance on supporting the inclusion of Ukrainian refugees in education: considerations, key principles and practices


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Additional CoE tools to help those providing language support
to children arriving from Ukraine

The Council of Europe has developed a set of tools to support member states in their efforts to respond to the challenges faced by those who are providing language support to children arriving from Ukraine as the children adjust to their new environment and their new schools. Some of these tools have been written recently with this purpose in mind. Others are adapted from the Toolkit for adults which was developed as part of the Council of Europe’s Linguistic Integration of Adult Migrants (LIAM) project, This is  available on this website

These tools have been created and selected as being especially useful in the early stages of language support with newly arriving refugee children. They are designed to assist organisations, teachers and volunteers who are providing language support for refugee children arriving from Ukraine with no knowledge, or very little knowledge, of the language of the new country. These nine tools have now also been translated into the languages of the neighbouring countries receiving the largest numbers of fugitives from the war in Ukraine: Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak/Czech.


Linguistic integration in the workplace

How to help adult migrants develop work-related language skills - a quick guide

Some migrants arrive with the language skills they need to secure quality employment. Many other migrants arrive with limited language skills – for these migrants, support to develop work-related language skills is vital. This short resource offers practical guidance on how to provide that support.

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Communicating with migrants - guide for staff in job centres and public services

This short guide offers strategies and practical tips for managers to help staff support clients with limited language skills. And it offers help for all staff to reflect on communication styles in an increasingly diverse world.

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Council of Europe initiatives

Educational initiatives of Council of Europe members states

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Education in time of crisis

Emergency measures for Ukrainian refugees and their host countries: Protecting Democracy through Education

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