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    Action research communities for language teachers
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Action research communities for language teachers

Getting into
Action research
Resources and
Success stories
Glossary and



Please note: These definitions relate to this specific project. The same terms may be defined differently elsewhere.

Items in total: 36

Action research


Analytical discourse

Bottom-up approach

Building on strengths


Community of practice

Content & Language Integrated Learning / CLIL in German

Data collection


Educational change




Language teaching


Memory log




Professional development


Quality assurance

Quality cultures




Research methods

Research question

Scholarly community


Teacher researcher

Teachers as reflective practitioners


Tools or instruments of action research


To the ECML glossaries overview page


Altrichter A., Posch P. and Spann H. (2018), LehrerInnen und Lehrer erforschen ihren Unterricht, Klinkhardt, Heilbrunn.

Capobianco B. and Feldman A. (2006), “Promoting quality for action research: Lessons learned from science teachers' action research”, Educational Action Research, 14 (4), pp. 497-512.

Carr W. and Kemmis S. (1986), Becoming critical: Education, knowledge and action research, Falmer Press, London.

Cox A. (2005), “What are communities of practice? A comparative review of four seminal works”, Journal of Information Science, 31 (6), 522-540, available at http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/8140/, accessed 10 May 2019.

Darn Steve (n.d.), “Content and language integrated learning”, British Council, available at https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/content-language-integrated-learning, accessed 10 May 2019.

Dudenredaktion (o. J.), “Strategie”, in: Duden online, available at http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Strategie, accessed 10 May 2019.

Elliott J. (1991), Action research for educational change, Open University Press, Philadelphia.

Feldman A., Alrichter A., Posch P. & Somekh B. (2018), Teachers investigate their work: An introduction to action research across the professions, 3rd edition, Routledge, London.

Gallagher-Brett A. (2019), “Supporting and empowering language teachers through action research communities”, in Becerra-Gonzalez N., Magedera H. and Reimao A. (eds.), Innovative language teaching and learning: New trends in language teaching at university, Dublin, Research-publishing.net, pp. 29-36.

Gallagher-Brett A. and Lechner C. (2020), “ARC: action research communities for language teachers”, in Dikilitaş K., Mede E., Atay D. (eds.) Pedagogical and instructional perspectives in language education, The context of higher education, Peter Lang, Frankfurt, pp. 55-76 

Heyworth F. (2013), “Applications of quality management in language education”, Language Teaching, 46 (3), pp. 281-315.

Jacquin M. (2019), “L’entretien après une leçon observée comme lieu de développement des pratiques de formation”, in Jacquin M., Lechner C. and Picenoni M. (eds), Recherche-action, Babylonia, no. 2, Fondazione Lingue e Cultura, Comano, pp. 50-53.

Jacquin M., Lechner C., Picenoni M. (2019), Recherche-action, Babylonia, no. 2, Fondazione Lingue e Cultura, Comano.

Knoblauch Roland (2014), “Lesson study – eine Form kooperativer und evidenzbasierter Unterrichtsreflexion”, available at https://www.lernensichtbarmachen.ch/2014/11/lesson-study-eine-form-kooperativer-und-evidenzbasierter-unterrichtsreflexion/, accessed 10 May 2019.

Konrad A. & Steiner M. (2019), "Eine Sprache zu lernen ist ein weiteres Fenster, um die Welt zu betrachten", in Babylonia "Action research", issue no. 2, pp. 58-61, http://babylonia.ch/en/archive/2019/number-2/, accessed 10 May 2019.

Lechner C., Zanin R. (2017), “Action research communities for language teachers. Extended abstract”, in ÖGSD Tagungsberichte Vol. 2.1.: Symposium Sprachlehr/lernforschung in Österreich. 10 Jahre ÖGSD.

Lechner C., Jacquin M. (2019), “ARC: Aktionsforschungsnetzwerke für SprachenlehrerInnen”, in Recherche-action, Babylonia, no. 2, Jacquin M., Lechner C. and Picenoni M. (eds), Fondazione Lingue e Cultura, Comano, pp. 44-49.

Lechner C., Jacquin M., Zanin R. and Mihaiu T. (2019), “ARC: Aktionsforschungsnetzwerke für SprachenlehrerInnen”, in Habicher A., Kosler T., Lechner C., Oberhauser C., Oberrauch A., Tursky-Philadelphy M., Rauch F., Schuster A. (eds), “Nachhaltige Bildung” – Tagungsband zur VII. CARN D.A.CH-Tagung an der Pädagogischen Hochschule Tirol, 18.-19.01.2019, Innsbruck. Beiträge zur Fachdidaktik, 4. Praesens-Verlag, Wien.

Lechner C. (n.d.), “Language teachers ask: Am I planning a teaching unit OR planning action research”, in STAR ARNA ARC – Supporting the Teaching of Action Research (STAR) is an Action Research Community (ARC) of the Action Research Network of the Americas (ARNA), available at https://actionresearchteaching.home.blog/2020/01/09/language-teachers-ask-am-I-planning-a-teaching-unit-or-planning-action-research/, accessed 3 June 2020.

Lave J. & Wenger E. (1991), Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Loucks-Horsley S., Hewson P., Love N. & Stiles K. (1998), Designing professional development for teachers of science and mathematics, Thousand Oaks, Corwin Press, CA.

Picenoni M. (2019), "Interview with Peter Posch", in Babylonia "Action research", issue no. 2, pp. 10-11, http://babylonia.ch/en/archive/2019/number-2/, accessed 10 May 2019.

Picenoni M. (2019), "Interview with Herbert Altrichter", in Babylonia "Action research", issue no. 2, pp. 12-13, http://babylonia.ch/en/archive/2019/number-2/, accessed 10 May 2019.

Sattler Christine (2014), “Was bedeutet 'Qualitätskultur'? Analyse von Experteninterviews im Rahmen des Qualitätskulturprojekts – Abschlussarbeit”, Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, available at https://www.psychologie.uni-heidelberg.de/mediendaten/ae/abo/ausschreibung_abschlussarbeit_21.01.2014_4_.pdf, accessed 10 May 2019.

Warnecke D. (2006), Aktionsforschung und Praxisbezug in der DaF-Lehrerausbildung, Kassel University Press, Kassel, available at https://books.google.ro/books?id=Hu77fUFKSeYC&pg=PA71&lpg=PA71&dq=Lehrende
, accessed 10 May 2019.

Wenger-Trayner E. and B. (2015), “Introduction to communities of practice: A brief overview of the concept and its uses”, available at http://wenger-trayner.com/introduction-to-communities-of-practice/, accessed 10 May 2019.

Wikipedia, “Aktionsforschung”, in: Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie, available at https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aktionsforschung, accessed 10 May 2019.

Wiktionary, “Beobachtung”, in: Wiktionary, Das freie Wörterbuch, available at https://de.wiktionary.org/wiki/Beobachtung, accessed 10 May 2019.

Wikipedia, “Lerngemeinschaft”, in:Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie, available at https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lerngemeinschaft accessed 10 May 2019.

Wikipedia, “Sprachunterricht”, in: Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie, available at https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sprachunterricht, accessed 10 May 2019.