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    Sign glossary

Multilingual glossary of key terms in language education

This page presents an overview of key terms, definitions and references used in ECML projects since 2012. The aim of this compilation is:
  • to offer easy access to ECML terminology;
  • to promote the establishment of multilingual terminology through bilingual or trilingual glossaries;
  • to highlight the role of glossaries in ensuring solid theoretical underpinnings to ECML practice-oriented projects and resources.
Terms in English
Termes en français
Begriffe auf Deutsch
Terms in
international sign

Terms in sign language


Please note: These definitions relate to this specific project. The same terms may be defined differently elsewhere.

Items in total: 14

ability to learn


declarative knowledge


European Language Portfolio (ELP)

identification of personal learning needs (and self-assessment)



L3 / Lx

language biography

language mediation

language passport

learner autonomy


To the ECML glossaries overview page

Please note: The terms and their definitions have been established for specific project purposes. Therefore, some terms are listed more than once and offer different definitions and different approaches, e.g. scientific and theory-based definitions, policy-oriented definitions or definitions for communication purposes in practical contexts. 

For each entry there is a link to the resource website which presents the context and the scope of the relevant term for which it has been defined. 

Cite this resource