John Trim: selected Council of Europe recommendations, publications, articles, speeches
Brumfit, Christopher, The work of the Council of Europe and second language teaching, London : Macmillan : Modern English Publications and The British Council, Review of ELT, vv. 4, no. 2, 1995.
Council of Europe, Recommendation R (82)18 of the Committee of Ministers to member states based on the results of the CDCC Project N° 4 ("Modern Languages 1971-1981") (adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 24 September 1982 at the 350th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies).
Council of Europe, Recommendation R (98) 6 of the Committee of Ministers to member states based on the results of the CDCC Project "Language Learning for European Citizenship" (1989-1996) (adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 March 1998 at the 623rd meeting of the Ministers' Deputies).
Council of Europe, Questions to John Trim on the occasion of the tenth anniversary celebration of the European Centre for Modern Languages in Graz, 2005.
Council of Europe, Interview mit John Trim anlässlich des 10-jährigen Bestehens des Europäischen Fremdsprachenzentrums des Europarates in Graz, 2005.
Council of Europe, Education Bulletin No. 18, 2005.
English - French
Council of Europe, Recommendation CM/Rec(2008)7E of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the use of the Council of Europe’s Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and the promotion of plurilingualism (adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 2 July 2008 at the 1031st meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies), 2008.
de Boer-Buquicchio, Maud, Speech by Ms Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe within the framework of the 10th Anniversary of the European Centre for Modern Languages of the Council of Europe, Graz, 16 September 2005.
de Boer-Buquicchio, Maud, Allocution de Mme Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, Secrétaire Générale Adjointe du Conseil de l'Europe, à l'occasion du 10e anniversaire du Centre européen pour les langues vivantes du Conseil de l'Europe, Graz, 16 septembre 2005.
European Centre for Modern Languages / Council of Europe, 1995-2005 - Celebrating the ECML’s 10th anniversary, 2005.
Green, Anthony with contributions from John L.M. Trim and Roger Hawkey, Language functions revisited: Theoretical and empirical bases for language construct definition across the ability range, Cambridge University Press, England, 2012.
Inkiläinen, Anni, "An overview of the John Trim Collection", article published on the ECML website on 11 March 2011.
Radulovic Ana (2005), "Europäisches Fremdsprachenzentrum in Graz. Ein stiller, aber wirksamer Platz", KLIPP Steiermark Magazin, September-October 2005, p. 62.
Sheils, Joseph, Former Head of the Department of Language Education and Policy of the Council of Europe, Speech during the 10th Anniversary Ceremony of the European Centre for Modern Languages of the Council of Europe, 16 September 2005, Graz.
Trim, John L.M., "The Common European Framework", in Karen Lund et al. (eds), Sprogforum - Journal of Languages and Culture Pedagogics, Kopenhagen, February 2001, vol.7, no. 19, pp. 9-14.
Trim, John, The work of the Council of Europe in the field of modern languages 1957-2001, on the occation of the European Day of Languages 2001, 2001.
Trim, John, "The role of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages in teacher training", Lecture delivered during the Ceremony of the 10th Anniversary of the European Centre for Modern Languages of the Council of Europe, Graz, 16 September 2005.
Trim, John, Modern languages in the Council of Europe 1954-1997: International co-operation in support of lifelong language learning for effective communication, mutual cultural enrichment and democratic citizenship in Europe, Strasbourg: Council of Europe, January 2007.
Trim, John, Using the CEFR: Principles of good practice, University of Cambridge, October 2011. [e-book]
Trim, John, “The Common European Framework of Reference: Learning, Teaching, Assessment”, in Byram Michael and Parmenter Lynne (eds), The Common European Framework of Reference – The Globalisation of Language Education Policy, Bristol: Multilingual Matters, Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education series, 2012, pp. 13-34.
Trim, John, Speech on the CEFR during the ACFTL-CEFR Symposium 2012
The symposium took place on 21-23 June 2012 at the European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML) in Graz, Austria. The goal for this event was to look at the implications of cross-walks between the ACTFL Guidelines and the CEFR for learning/teaching, for teacher training and for assessment/certification. At this occasion, John Trim made a speech on the CEFR pointing to its pedagogical and political foundations by highlighting the main educational influences under which the CEFR was written (tracing them back from the classical grammar to the communicative approach applied today); contrasts in the classical and modern paradigms: aims, objectives, attitudes to language, type of language to learn, preferred medium, model presented, text-types, criteria for expression and for comprehension, relation of knowledge to action, criteria for success, skill development, work style, relation among learners, approach to learning, role of teacher, teaching style, means employed, language of instruction and class management, approach to grammar and to meaning, concept of culture, social values, attitudes to change, strengths and critics of both paradigms; the political background and the consequences of the CEFR.
, "The Common European Framework of Reference. Council of Europe Modern Languages Project", in Routledge encyclopaedia of language teaching and learning
, Routledge, 2nd edition, 2013.
More Council of Europe publications on the CEFR: dedicated website