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The work of the ECML represents a collective effort and determination to enhance the quality in language education at challenging times. The publications illustrate the dedication and active involvement of all those who participated in a series of international projects and training and consultancy activities. The promotion of the programme outputs and their adaptation to different learning environments is supported through National Contact Points in each of the member states of the Centre. Read more

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Relating language examinations to the Common European Framework of Reference for Language: Learning, teaching, assessment (CEFR) - Highlights from the Manual

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In response to a growing need expressed by the users of the CEFR, the Language Policy Division developed a manual and a set of accompanying tools to be used to assist in linking local language examinations to the common reference levels of language proficiency. This publication seeks to complement these tools by providing a user-friendly introduction to the process, targeting professionals with a stake in quality language testing who are not necessarily experts in testing and assessment.

Relating an examination or test to the CEFR can best be seen as a process of "building an argument". The publication presents five inter-related sets of procedures that users are advised to follow in order to design a linking scheme in terms of self-contained, manageable activities.


  • The publication assists in raising awareness of the linking process to stakeholders.

  • Raising awareness among practising and future teachers that claims of links to the CEFR need to be validated.

  • Teachers can also apply some of the procedures as outlined in the publication when developing their own classroom-based tests.

Target group(s): teachersteacher educatorsdecision-makers

Publication year: 2011

Author(s): Jana Bérešová, Gilles Breton, José Noijons, Gábor Szabó

Promotional documents:
Flyer (EN) (FR)
Flygblad (SV)



RELEX Website (EN) (FR)

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Download the catalogue of the ECML programme outputs 2016-2019 "Languages at the heart of learning": English - French

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