The European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML) is a Council of Europe institution to which thirty-three countries currently subscribe. The ECML assists its member states in addressing challenges within their national education systems by:
The work of the Centre focuses primarily on priority areas in member states such as migration and language education, plurilingual education, mobility and intercultural learning, new media in language education, evaluation and assessment, early language learning, content and language integrated learning, employment and languages. Teacher education is at the core of its work. ECML activities are complementary to those of the Council of Europe’s work related to the development of policies and planning tools in the field of language education and the Secretariat of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
Within the framework of its 4-year programmes, the Centre works together with ministries, language experts, national institutions and international language organisations. Through its programmes, the ECML provides a platform for gathering and disseminating information, stimulating discussion and training multipliers in matters related to language education. It also maintains Europe-wide networks for teacher trainers, researchers and educational administrators.
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WHAT IS ITS CONTENT?
The term pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures refers to didactic approaches which involve the use of several (or at least more than one) variety of languages or cultures simultaneously during the teaching process. By abandoning the "compartmentalised" view of an individual’s linguistic and cultural competence(s), this publication is a valuable step towards implementing the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, in particular its rationale on plurilingual and intercultural competence.
Examples of descriptors:
"Can use knowledge and skills already mastered in one language in activities of comprehension / production in another language" (Skills);
WHAT IS ITS ADDED VALUE?
The publication presents a comprehensive list of descriptors (Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills) considered necessary within the perspective of a plurilingual and intercultural education. The same descriptors are available online, in graphic form, where the user can see at what stage of the educational process the authors would recommend the development of each resource and its sub-categories.
It provides teaching materials for putting the development of these resources into practice. The teacher can select an activity from a database according to the specific resources for knowledge, skills and attitudes which s/he has identified from the framework.
THE PUBLICATION CONSISTS OF:
a systematic presentation of competences and resources (Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills) which can be developed by pluralistic approaches, (available in English (ISBN 978-92- 871-7173-3) and French, as well as (partially) in German, Spanish and Hungarian)
Target group(s): teachersteacher educatorsdecision-makers
Publication year: 2012
Antoinette Camilleri Grima, Michel Candelier, Véronique Castellotti, Jean-François de Pietro, Ildikó Lőrincz, Franz-Joseph Meißner, Muriel Molinié, Artur Noguerol, Anna Schröder-Sura
FREPA - A Framework of Reference for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures - Competences and resources (EN)
Le CARAP - Un Cadre de Référence pour les Approches Plurielles des Langues et des Cultures - Compétences et ressources (FR)
MAREP - Un Marco de Referencia para los Enfoques Plurales de las Lenguas y de las Culturas - Competencias y recursos (ES)
FREPA - System opisu pluralistycznych podejść do języków i kultur - Kompetencje i zasoby (PL)
إطار مرجعي للمقاربات المتعددة للغات والثقافات كفايات وموارد (AR)
CARAP - Un Quadro di Riferimento per gli Approcci Plurali alle Lingue e alle Culture - Competenze e risorse (IT)
ROPP - Referenčni okvir za pluralistične pristope k jezikom in kulturam - Zmožnosti in viri (SL)
FREPA - Referenčný rámec pre pluralitné prístupy jazykov a kultúr – kompetencie a zdroje (FREPA descriptors - SK)
CARAP Website (EN) (FR) (DE)
Please use the following bibliographic reference if you choose to cite any part of this resource:
For the book:Grima Antoinette Camilleri, Candelier Michel, Castellotti Véronique, de Pietro Jean-François, Lőrincz Ildikó, Meißner Franz-Joseph, Molinié Muriel, Noguerol Artur, Schröder-Sura Anna (2012),
FREPA: A Framework of reference for pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures - Competences and resources, Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg.
For the website:
Grima Antoinette Camilleri, Candelier Michel, Castellotti Véronique, de Pietro Jean-François, Lőrincz Ildikó, Meißner Franz-Joseph, Molinié Muriel, Noguerol Artur, Schröder-Sura Anna
FREPA: A Framework of reference for pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures - Competences and resources, Council of Europe (European Centre for Modern Languages), Graz,
available at www.ecml.at/carap, accessed 03 Mar 2024.
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Modern Languages (2012)
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