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ECML publications

This section contains all publications produced to date by the ECML. The publications can  be downloaded free of charge in pdf format from the 'details' page of each publication.
CARAP/FREPA - A Framework of Reference for Pluralistic Approaches
Antoinette Camilleri Grima, Michel Candelier, Véronique Castellotti, Jean-François de Pietro, Ildikó Lőrincz, Franz-Joseph Meißner, Muriel Molinié, Artur Noguerol, Anna Schröder-Sura

Italian, English, French, Arabic, Spanish, Slovenian, Polish


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The term pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures refers to didactic approaches which involve the use of several (or at least more than one) variety of languages or cultures simultaneously during the teaching process. By abandoning the "compartmentalised" view of an individual’s linguistic and cultural competence(s), this publication is a valuable step towards implementing the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, in particular its rationale on plurilingual and intercultural competence.
Examples of descriptors:
• "Can use knowledge and skills already mastered in one language in activities of comprehension / production in another language" (Skills);
• "Having confidence in one’s own abilities in relation to languages (their study / their use)" (Attitudes).

• The publication presents a comprehensive list of descriptors (Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills) considerednecessarywithintheperspectiveof a plurilingual andintercultural education.Thesame descriptors are available online, in graphic form, where the user can see at what stage of the educational process the authors would recommend the development of each resource and its sub-categories.
• It provides teachingmaterials for putting the development of these resources into practice.The teacher can select an activity froma database according to the specific resources for knowledge, skills and attitudeswhich s/he has identified fromthe framework.

• a systematic presentation of competences and resources (Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills) which can be developed by pluralistic approaches, (available in English (ISBN 978-92- 871-7173-3) and French, as well as (partially) in German, Spanish and Hungarian);
• online teaching materials: http://carap.ecml.at;
• tables of descriptors across the curriculum: an online graphical presentationwith hypertext;
• a training kit for use in initial and in-service teacher training;
• an introduction for users;
• a leaflet outlining the framework materials.

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