The European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML) is a Council of Europe institution to which thirty-three countries currently subscribe. The ECML assists its member states in addressing challenges within their national education systems by:
The work of the Centre focuses primarily on priority areas in member states such as migration and language education, plurilingual education, mobility and intercultural learning, new media in language education, evaluation and assessment, early language learning, content and language integrated learning, employment and languages. Teacher education is at the core of its work. ECML activities are complementary to those of the Council of Europe’s work related to the development of policies and planning tools in the field of language education and the Secretariat of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
Within the framework of its 4-year programmes, the Centre works together with ministries, language experts, national institutions and international language organisations. Through its programmes, the ECML provides a platform for gathering and disseminating information, stimulating discussion and training multipliers in matters related to language education. It also maintains Europe-wide networks for teacher trainers, researchers and educational administrators.
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These resources highlight challenges for young learners in subject classes where the language of instruction is not their first language. The focus is on minimum language standards in history/civics and mathematics for learners aged 12/13 and 15/16. The language descriptors are linked to CEFR levels A2, B1 and B2 and available in six languages.
A publication containing the full study on language descriptors for subject learning
A website including:
Target group(s): teachersteacher educatorsdecision-makers
Publication year: 2015
Eli Moe, Marita Härmälä, Paula Lee Kristmanson, José Pascoal, Meiluté Ramoniené
Promotional documents: Flyer (EN)
Language skills for successful subject learning - CEFR-linked descriptors for mathematics and history/civics (EN)
Compétences linguistiques pour des apprentissages disciplinaires réussis - Descripteurs liés au CECR pour les mathématiques et l’histoire/l’éducation civique (FR)
Language Descriptors - Website (EN) (FR)
Please use the following bibliographic reference if you choose to cite any part of this resource:
For the book:Moe Eli, Härmälä Marita, Kristmanson Paula Lee, Pascoal José, Ramoniené Meiluté (2015),
Language skills for successful subject learning - CEFR-linked descriptors for mathematics and history/civics, Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg.
For the website:
Moe Eli, Härmälä Marita, Kristmanson Paula Lee, Pascoal José, Ramoniené Meiluté
Language skills for successful subject learning - CEFR-linked descriptors for mathematics and history/civics, Council of Europe (European Centre for Modern Languages), Graz,
available at , accessed 27 Feb 2024.
Marita HärmäläKristmanson Paula LeeJosé PascoalMeiluté Ramoniené
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Download the catalogue of the ECML programme outputs 2016-2019 "Languages at the heart of learning": English - French
European portfolio for pre-primary educators - The plurilingual and intercultural dimension 11477
Language skills for successful subject learning - CEFR-linked descriptors for mathematics and history/civics 11029
Inventory of ICT tools and open educational resources 10536
Teaching the language of schooling in the context of diversity - Study materials for teacher development 9546
Empowering language networks - Tools for mediating ECML resources 8399
Collaborative community approach to migrant education - A virtual open course for educators 8201
A European learning network for professionals supporting work-related second language development 8031
A pluriliteracies approach to teaching for learning 7997
ECML publications for plurilingual and intercultural education in use - Tools and ideas for dissemination 7869
Towards whole-school language curricula: Examples of practice in schools 7616
List of publications 1998-2016
Modern Languages (2012)
Programme glossary 2008-2011 "Empowering language professionals” (2013)