What observation is about and why it is important
Observation is the careful and purposeful watching and listening to a child, noticing what we see and hear, asking questions and interpreting the information. Observation can take various forms: scheduled, spontaneous, directed, or non-directed, recorded formally or informally. The way observations are used will depend on the context and the children in the setting. Observation is an important tool for teachers: by observing children’s interactions and behaviours, teachers can gain insights into the cultural experiences, language proficiencies, and learning needs of the children. Observation can be used to identify the linguistic repertoire of the children, and to gain an understanding of what and how the child learns as well as their interests and the cultural and social frameworks in which they live and learn.