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    Time management

1. Time management

Between the teachers’ X/Y generations and the students’ Z/α generations, the gap has widened, in particular regarding time management (duration, working rate, aims).

Z and α generations




Better understanding through multimodal approaches

Outline clearly the purpose of your input: e.g.: read in order to prepare a debate, watch in order to report, etc.

01. Invert the class: Offer various support mechanisms to be explored before the online session, which can be dedicated, for example, to assessments, remedies (questions and answers) or group situations (debate, presentation, votes, polls, etc.)  See also EOL matrix field 5.2. “Using all learning fields”

Need for various approaches

Articulate the language activities involved with the challenge of written and / or oral interaction

02. Working in accordion: Alternate synchronous (eg for an explanation or presentation to all) and asynchronous activities (chat, co-writing, class blog, recordings, etc.) over a course session. Interaction can help value students’ involvement. See also EOL matrix field 1.2. “Strengthening skills”

Need for short activities

(20 minutes maximum)

Combine several brief activities and use as multiple opportunities to articulate language activities

03. Time the activities: Calculate the time necessary for a student to carry out an activity in average conditions (small apartment, poor connection, a computer for the whole family, etc.)

Learn more about the students’ needs with the EOL tool “Pyramid of needs

Need for socialising activities

Transfer class rituals to weekly meetings, on the principle of learning routine

04. Pace the work: Ritualise the weekly working time by giving the students time slots in the week: the simplest way is to base this on the timetable by choosing one or two appointments maximum per class and per week. Avoid overload and work on a positive school climate with the EOL tool “School climate”

Better understanding through cross-checking

Support oral instructions (brief) with an adapted visual (text + iconographic symbol)which can accelerate understanding

05. Respect the hourglass: Limit the time spent in front of the screen for students by using the synchronous time in front of the screen punctually at the start and end of the session. This allows you to better engage the students at the heart of the session, with time for personal reflection (if possible off screen)

Help students reflect on their learning with the EOL tool “Learning pathway”

Work organisation

Foster collective work to develop individual and collective agency

06. Plan the work: Establish a work schedule if possible with the students, distinguishing between the short (exercises, research, etc.) and the medium term (long reading tasks, creative writing or speaking).

Ability for self-understanding

Reiterate educational objectives while taking care not to overload neither the students nor the teacher

07. Respect the time slot: Isolate working time from personal time, including by setting reasonable deadlines and containing online interaction time. Choose collegially one or two day (s) without online work to reduce exposure to screens. Foster democratic culture with the EOL tool “DemOcRACY”