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ECML resources

The work of the ECML represents a collective effort and determination to enhance the quality in language education at challenging times. The publications illustrate the dedication and active involvement of all those who participated in a series of international projects and training and consultancy activities. The promotion of the programme outputs and their adaptation to different learning environments is supported through National Contact Points in each of the member states of the Centre. Read more

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Language skills for successful subject learning - CEFR-linked descriptors for mathematics and history/civics

These resources highlight challenges for young learners in subject classes where the language of instruction is not their first language. The focus is on minimum language standards in history/civics and mathematics for learners aged 12/13 and 15/16. The language descriptors are linked to CEFR levels A2, B1 and B2 and available in six languages.

A publication containing the full study on language descriptors for subject learning
A website including:

  • key information on required language levels in subject classrooms
  • language descriptors in 6 languages (English, French, Finnish, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Portuguese)
  • a short guide for developing similar CEFR-related language descriptors for other subjects

Target group(s): teachersteacher educatorsdecision-makers

Publication year: 2015

Author(s): Moe Eli, Kristmanson Paula Lee, Härmälä Marita, Ramoniené Meiluté, Pascoal José

Promotional documents:
Flyer (EN)
Dépliant (FR)



Language Descriptors - Website (EN) (FR)

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