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The work of the ECML represents a collective effort and determination to enhance the quality in language education at challenging times. The publications illustrate the dedication and active involvement of all those who participated in a series of international projects and training and consultancy activities. The promotion of the programme outputs and their adaptation to different learning environments is supported through National Contact Points in each of the member states of the Centre. Read more

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Developing language awareness in subject classes

The practical resources on the website help subject teachers to identify the linguistic needs of their learners and provide tailored support. The proposed procedures and language supportive teaching materials enable teachers to reflect on language-sensitive approaches which learners can draw on and apply when learning new subject content. In this context, teachers can explore how to support their students in writing, speaking, and reading tasks, how to create teaching materials, and in what ways to draw on students’ first language in their teaching.


• Tools and materials for teachers to identify their learners’ language needs in subject learning
• Scaffolding techniques for subject teachers
• Language supportive teaching materials and lesson plans for 12/13-year-old learners in different subjects, such as mathematics, history and science

The materials on the website are organized in three steps, which are closely linked to one another. Each step offers definitions of concepts, practical tools and resources as well assistance on putting them into practice.

Discover the tools

Step 1: Planning

…helps teachers to become more aware of the differences between everyday language and the language used in school. The tools presented highlight the importance of language in subject learning and are available in Armenian, English, Finnish, French and Norwegian.

Step 2: Teaching

… presents a series of examples on practical procedures to help identify students’ language needs in the specific subject(s). It also provides a list of different scaffolding techniques, such as, how to support students in writing, speaking, and reading tasks, how to create teaching materials, and in what ways teachers can draw on students’ first language in their teaching.

Step 3: Learning

…enables teachers and students to reflect on their own learning and teaching through the use of a self-evaluation grid provided is based on the European Language Portfolio (ELP). This section also provides a series of case studies from teachers in different countries, focusing on a variety of different subjects.

The ECML publication Language skills for successful subject learning www.ecml.at/languagedescriptors serves as an important resource in this.

Target group(s): teachersteacher educators

Publication year: 2020

Author(s): Marita Härmälä, Barkhanajyan Artashes, Béliard Jérôme, Eli Moe, Ballinger Susan

Promotional documents:
Flyer (EN)
Dépliant (FR)
Flyer (DE)



Website (EN)

Site web (FR)

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Download the catalogue of the ECML programme outputs 2016-2019 "Languages at the heart of learning": English - French

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